At the point where the Demerara River flows into the Atlantic Ocean is the city of Georgetown. It is known as the metropolitan center of Guyana. The area is quite attractive because of the vast tropical forests that surround it. At the same time, the entire “green area” is filled with interesting “residents” – rare species of animals, and the sky is often seen flying by a rare breed of bird. Many of them are endangered species, so they are protected by the state. Tourists come here to fish in the local waters, walk through the rugged jungle or take a boat ride on the river expanse.
Georgetown was founded in 1781 by Dutch colonists. They called the new settlement Stabroek – “the pond in which there is always water. Three years later, the city was given the status of the center of the Dutch colony in South America. The early twentieth century was a turning point for this city, since after a bitter struggle between Holland and England, the city began to be governed by Great Britain.
It was at this time that Stabroek was named “Georgetown.” At the same time Georgetown was made the residence of the governor. When the unification of several English colonies took place, the city became the capital of British Guiana.
Only, being the capital, did the beautification and development of Georgetown begin. Roads were paved everywhere, and existing plantations were expanded several times over. For a long period of time the locals sought independence and an end to the slave trade. As a result of the many skirmishes and incessant unrest, the authorities had no choice but to meet some of the demands of the rebels. From then on, workers had more rights, and in the sixties of the twentieth century all of Guyana gained independence. Georgetown was proclaimed the capital center of the country.
Top 4 museums in Guyana
John Campbell Police Museum
In the capital of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, Georgetown is home to the John Campbell Police Museum. It is located in the Eve Leary neighborhood. The museum is open in the police headquarters. It is dedicated to the distinguished police commissioner, John Campbell, who served on the force for 37 years.
Here, like the Georgetown Military Museum, you can see an entire collection of uniforms, photographs, musical instruments and other exhibits that relate to law enforcement from when Guyana was a colony to now.
It is open Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Admission is free.
Guyana Military Museum
In the capital city of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, Georgetown is home to the Military Museum. It is located on Young Street. The museum exhibit features an entire collection of uniforms, photographs, musical instruments, and other exhibits that relate to army activities from when Guyana was a colony to the present time.
Guyana National Museum
This was a pretty good hidden gem of a city. A must see if you are in the area and it is free, accept donations. Great for kids and adults alike. This is a bit of a museum that shows a few animals and other exhibits mostly in taxidermal form. This museum gives a good accumulation of Guyanese culture and nature – we could not compete with the best museums in Europe, but it is not a moment: definitely worth a visit.
Walter Roth Museum of Anthropology
It is a small museum with some interesting Amerindian exhibits. There are some photographs taken since 1950 that are worthwhile to understand the historical perspectives involved in documenting the cultural aspects of the various groups. You can learn about the nine tribes and see artwork and figures of local artists. The museum is free.
Guyana’s coastline is virtually undisturbed. Dykes and safety structures are very common along its length, saving cities from flooding. In Georgetown there are hardly any beaches, because after the British abandoned the land, the city was no longer maintained. It is increasingly becoming a garbage settlement. A swim in the ocean here you will not be able, because the entire waterfront is covered with garbage, which no one ever cleans up. And the location of the city in the swampy terrain, with an abundance of rivers, makes itself felt. All the impurities and muddy formations fall into the coastal area.
If you do decide to spend your vacation in Georgetown, then it’s best to devote your time to sightseeing.
The first sight that is definitely worth seeing is Rappu Falls, which was formed by nature on the Essekibo River. Practically at the place where this river connects with its “neighbor” Rupununi. The view here is unique because its height above sea level is one hundred and three meters. It is the highest waterfall.In combination with the surrounding dense thickets, the view is so mesmerizing that one can stand for hours to hear the noise of the water falling, and watch the water stream crashing against the river surface.
The lighthouse observation deck
The active lighthouse, situated at the mouth of the Demerara River, is a hallmark of Georgetown, Guyana. It was constructed in 1830 on the site of a wooden tower raised by the Dutch as a landmark for ships entering the harbor. The stone construction, painted white and red, was 21 meters tall. It was one of the highest structures in the city. If you decide to take a tour of it, you can ask the caretaker. During the tour you can see the Fresnel lens, which collects light from a 100 watt lamp into a narrow directional beam, and climb to the observation deck, which offers a great view of the port.
You will find that once you are at the local beach you will be able to choose the activities that suit you best. For example, you will have the opportunity to visit a beach café, have fun at various attractions, and go fishing. If you want a more thrill, you can ride a scooter or water skis, scuba dive, maneuver on the waves, standing on a surfboard.
Walkway of the floating bridge
In 1976, a bridge was started over the Demerara River, 6 kilometers from the capital. The project, in which the British government took part, was completed in 1978. The 1 kilometer 250 meters long structure connected Peters Hall and Skunk Ord. It is unique in that it is equipped with floating poles. It is equipped with 2 lanes for cars and a walkway. You can walk across the unusual bridge and admire the landscape of the coast.
About 60 kilometers south of the city is the eco-resort Shanklands, founded in 1990. It extends over an area of 60 hectares. And 50 hectares are occupied by the tropical forest. When you come here, you can take a hike on one of the many trails. During the trip you will be able to view endemic trees, observe butterflies, birds, and primates.
Seawall Sea Dam
The Seawall is a 280-mile causeway that extends across a large portion of Guyana’s shoreline and the entire shoreline in its capital, Georgetown. It is responsible for regulation in Guyana’s nearshore zones, the majority of which are lower than sea level at high tide.
Construction of Siouxall started in 1855 after a major flood in February of that year swept away Camp House (the previous residence of the colony’s governors. By 1882, Siouxall was expanded to reached Unity Village.
The levee was needed because of the continuous land erosion by the sea. Two estates, Kierfield and Sandy Point, Guyana, which are famous for being 1792 north of the existing Georgetown Dam, have been noted by historians to have been totally swept away by 1804.
The coastal strip inundated by the tide undergoes periods of erosion and growth. It seems that growth in the beginning of the 1840s was followed by erosion in the late 1840s. In 1855, the great Kingston Flood occurred when the marine levee was broken. Following this disaster, construction began on a levee between Fort William Frederick and Roundhouse.
In 1903, the Georgetown Bandstand Dam was constructed with the help of funds signed by the community as a monument to Queen Victoria.
The next serious flooding due to Seawall breaches occurred at Enmore in 1955, at Buxton in 1959, and at Bladen Hall in 1961.
Churches in Guyana
St. George’s Cathedral
One of the major sights of the city, which is a must-see for all tourists, is the St. George’s Cathedral. Today it is the tallest Anglican cathedral by far, which is completely built of wood. The height of the building with a bell tower is about 40 meters. The cathedral is located in the heart of the city on the North Road. The interior decoration of the church is fully consistent with all the canons and customs of the old England. Stained-glass windows, sculptures, as well as pews and the altar, as if they were from the last century.
St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Cathedral
A little farther from the city center is Guyana’s oldest church, St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Cathedral. The church has a rather worn and old look, but that only adds to its value. In addition, next to it is a memorial to Queen Victoria herself, who was adored in every corner of the empire of Great Britain.
the Sacred Heart
The handsome wooden church of the Sacred Heart was constructed by Father Schembri, an Italian. A beautiful piece of Renaissance inspired architecture, the church was constructed in 1859-1861 and inaugurated at midnight Mass on December 25, 1861, so that the Portuguese congregation would be able to celebrate Mass in their native speech.
The Smith Congregational Church
The Smith Congregational Church was dedicated to the Reverend John Smith (1790-1824). The ground stone for the church was placed in November 1843. The wooden construction, which contains the spire over the front door, was opened in August 1844, two decades after his premature passing. Rev. Angel Wallbridge supervised the construction.
The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception
Georgetown’s only Catholic cathedral.
Architecturally similar to Manila’s Catholic cathedrals in a somewhat simplified form. Worthy of note are the early 20th century icons and the expressive faces of Christ and the Virgin Mary. One of Georgetown’s main attractions. Worth a Sunday visit if you are Catholic.
Radha Krishna Mandir
You may not be a Hindu, but visiting this Mandir and hearing the teachings about the Hindu scriptures really makes you think. It makes you want to change your total lifestyle. The inside of the Mandir is kept clean and in good condition. The people here live like a happy family.
Places for active walking in Guyana: where to walk in Guyana
Georgetown Botanic Garden and its zoo
Do you want to see a plant paradise? Visit the Georgetown Botanic Garden and its zoo, which is located on this garden plot and was opened in the fifties of the twentieth century. Until that time, there was only a plant corner that had existed here since 1895. The total area of Garden City is nearly forty-nine acres, and it is the most picturesque place in all of Georgetown. Here you can see beautiful bodies of water with amazing lilies, and in the zoo you can see a variety of animals and birds, including manatees and harpy eagles.
Kompany Part Garden
A shady park in which anyone can relax is Kompany Part Garden. Its history dates back to the local population’s political opposition to the English authorities. For a long time, Guyanese demanded independence, and, one day, simply declared a boycott of Britain, and total disobedience.
Middle Street in Georgetown
Middle Street is one of the streets of Georgetown, the capital of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana. It is located near Waterloo Street and Main Street. Within the street is the Promenade Garden and the Burnham Courthouse.
Middle, like most Georgetown streets, has a picturesque setting. There are also many different stores in the area and the Power and Light utility, which provides electricity to all of Guyana.
Dutch Fort Kewk-Over-Al
In 1616, the Dutch Fort Kewk-Over-Al was built in the Cooperative Republic of Guyana. It is located south of Georgetown, near Bartica, near the confluence of the Cuyuni, Mazaruni, and Essequibo Rivers.
Today the fort is in a ruined condition. Several brick arches that once served as the entrance to the fortified building remain of it.
Now the ruins of the unique and most ancient Dutch fort have become a tourist attraction in Guyana.
Another important place for tourists to visit is the Georgetown Promenade. In the current sense, it is a wide avenue for walking, where you can often find people jogging or playing dominoes. Speaking of dominoes! People here are obsessed with this game, so much so that they consider it their national game. During the day on the promenade there are a lot of children with their parents and the elderly, in the evening couples in love gather here for romantic walks.
Cultural and historical places
Georgetown also has a trace of the Dutch who built the city as Stabrock. In particular, the Dutch love of all things Gothic resulted in a remarkable city hall that was built in the early nineteenth century. All in all, Georgetown is reminiscent of its colonial past. Not much has changed here over the centuries, and only the buildings and monuments speak of the great history that was made here!
At the edge of the street market is the People’s Chamber, the parliament. The ground stone was placed by the engineer Joseph Hadfield. The project is in accordance with Tuscan culture. The ceiling design of the House of Parliament mirrors the architectonic genius of Castellani. It is a beautiful instance of nineteenth-century Renaissance style and is among the two domed houses in the town.
The Georgetown Magistrate’s Court was completed in 1897 as a courthouse extension. A ornamental iron construction can clearly be seen over the doors and front entry.
City Hall, Georgetown With its steeples, pinnacles, archways, and lineage, the City Hall may have been held as a church, but it is the City Hall. There is one narrative that describes it as a “Fancy Dress Gothic Revival.” It was designed by the Jesuit priest Reverend Ignatius Scoles. The first stone was laid in 1887. It was inaugurated in 1889.
Public Free Library
Earlier, in 1909, the Public Free Library was constructed. Andrew Carnegie, a Scottish-born American manufacturer and philanthropist, secured the financing to help build and equip the facility.
The Premier’s Residence is a good representative of mid-19th century Georgetown timber construction. It displays Italian inspired design; it is marked by a squared cupola at the top and a porch at the bottom. This structure used to be the seat of the British High Commissioner.
Guyana Austin House
Guyana Austin House, ex Kingston House This is the site of the original Kingston House, the seat of the Archbishop of Guyana, which was torn down in 1894.
Umana Yama stands for “the meeting point of the people.” It is patterned after the customary house of the Wai-Wai people. This facility in Georgetown is being used for conventions and public functions.