According to South American aboriginal legends, the Rock of Roraima is not a rock at all, but the stump of a mighty tree that gives people all imaginable fruits and vegetables. The tree of plenty felled the anti-hero of ancient myths Macunaim, which, in fact, brought down the inhabitants of the great flood. In fact, the origin of the world’ unusual stones is not fully understood. It is quite possible that someday we will find real evidence of its artificial creation.
The Roraima Rock is situated on the boundary of three states: Brazil, Venezuela and Guyana. It reaches almost 3,000 meters in height. But the most striking thing about it is its shape. Looking at Roraima, you get the impression that it is carved out of a solid monolith of sandstone; its corners and slopes are so smooth and regular. The German researcher Peter Pohl admits that Roraima is nothing but an ancient pyramid created by a highly developed civilization. The fact is that the rock has a remarkably symmetrical pyramidal shape. The scientist assumes that the opening of the upper erosive layer of the rock will definitely reveal traces of artificial processing.
It’s not that easy
Of course, the slopes of Roraima are quite thoroughly explored by mountain climbers. A trail climbs to the top of the mountain, which will take several days to overcome. In addition, there is a good chance of getting lost in the stone mazes formed by the rivers on the upper plateau. Local guides are reluctant to climb here because the route is too difficult and dangerous. It is not recommended to climb to the top on your own.
Nevertheless, professional explorers often come to Roraima. Not so long ago, a new cave was discovered in a rocky section of Canaima National Park, which later turned out to be the biggest cave of all time. They called the karst beauty cave “Crystal Eyes.”
Natives of Roraima
In the past these areas were inhabited by tribes of Pemon Indians, who, however, still live in the national park today. They had great respect for the Tepuis, worshipping them as divine shrines. And on the Roraima Plateau, ancient legends say, lived the main goddess, Quin, the foremother of all humans. Therefore, the Indians were not particularly eager to conquer the peaks and, moreover, were even afraid to come close to the sacred places, so as not to disturb the spirits in vain.
To visit Canaima and see the notorious Mt. Roraima, you have to take a hard road. There are no roads in the park, the transportation system is not well established, and the settlements are a considerable distance away. It is hard and time consuming to reach the park on foot, so the main transportation are small planes and canoes, starting from Caracas and the Orinoco Delta, respectively.
How to get to Roraima
To reach Mount Roraima, you first have to reach Boa Vista, the capital of the state of Roraima, in Brazil. This is the easiest, fastest and safest way to reach Santa Elena de Huiren. There are frequent flights every day from São Paulo to Boa Vista, with connections in Brasilia or Manaus. If you are departing from the U.S. and some locations in Europe, there are direct flights to Manaus, which is wonderful!
How to get to Roraima on cab
Two more choices are a private cab from the airport, costing about R$450 (by deal) or, getting out of Caimbe, a cab that works out to $50 per person. The waiting can be a little slow, because the driver will depart only when the vehicle is crowded.
How much is to visit Roraima
Prices range from R$600 to R$3,000 per person. Depends on the guide, and what is included in the trip
What to pack to Roraima
- A rugged backpack with a reencliner;
- Black garbage bags to place all things inside, from wallet to laundry, because wearing a backpack with wet outfits can actually make the backpack double the weight;
- A pocket knife;
- Water-resistant clothing.;
- Boots already well padded (climbing will be rough for you!);
- Insulation mat ( advisably an air mat. You need quality insulation to nap on a rock!) and a sleeping bag, suitable to 0 degrees Celsius;
- Warm clothes, two pairs;
- T-shirts with quick dryer.
- Always have a couple of dry socks close at hand;
- Thin rope to make a clothing line.;
- Common remedies (for pain, fever);
- Boots already well padded (climbing will be rough for you!);
- cheesecloth, bandages, bactine (or alternative);
- 1L bottle of water;Clorin;Baby tissues;
- Sugar-rich meals, for example, chocolate or candy.
Based on your body size, try to hold no more than 20% of your body weight in your rucksack. The trek is very long-term
Tour program ( may vary according to your guide)
Day 1: Trekking to Roraima, Paraitepui – base camp. After breakfast at the hotel, we will pack up and travel by jeep (about 2 hours) to the starting point of the trek to Roraima, the Indian village of Paraitepui. The National Park office is also located here, where all participants need to register in a special logbook. Along with the participants goes the escort team – guide, cook and porters. Today we will have to cross 6-7 hours with breaks for lunch and rest. We will also wade through two small rivers – Tek and Kukenan. In the dry season the water in them is less than knee-deep. During the rainy season a boat crossing can be arranged. Here we have lunch and go on our way. Along the way we have stunning views of Roraima, the neighboring Kukenan tepui, and the surrounding savannah with a variety of vegetation. After the fords, the route winds through hilly terrain right up to the base camp at the foot of Roraima at 1870m. While the guides are setting up tents and preparing dinner, you can refresh yourself in a cool stream near the camp. First night in the tents.
Day 2: Climbing Roraima. The ascent from Base Camp at the foot of Roraima to the top of the plateau takes 5-6 hours, which is about a full day. At first, the trail goes through dense jungle, on a natural “ramp” with a slight but noticeable slope. The higher up the trail climbs, the fewer trees there are. They are replaced by unique representatives of tropical fauna – bromeliads. Now you can literally touch Roraima’s limestone wall. Closer to the top, visitors are greeted by a small waterfall. Depending on the amount of rainfall, it can look like a cloud of water vapor or a puffy ponytail. There is no way around it, so a poncho or large umbrella will come in handy here. At the edge of the plateau the weather and landscape change dramatically – it becomes cool and humid and everything around is enveloped in clouds of fog. Here, at an altitude of 2700m, the weather can be very changeable. Black rocks of all kinds of shapes and sizes have their own names: “flying turtle”, “Fidel Castro”, “Tyrannosaurus”. After half an hour of walking along the plateau, we will reach the camp, where we will have dinner and spend the night.
Day 3: Trekking on Roraima. Today we will dive for a full day into the “Lost World” as described by Conan Doyle, and even see one “dinosaur” – a giant rock shaped like the head of a prehistoric predator. The area of Roraima is about 34 sq km. The giant plateau may seem deserted and lifeless at first, but it has its own, completely endemic fauna and flora. Among the local endemics are the black frogs, which do not jump but only crawl, the predatory plant “Roraimae” (Drosera Roraimae). Evolution seems to have taken a slightly different path here. Today we will also walk through the “stone forest”, we will see narrow canyons, natural pools with clear water, so-called “Jacuzzis”. The final point of the walk will be the “triple point”, a triangular obelisk where the borders of three countries – Venezuela, Brazil, and Guyana – nominally converge. After a snack, we will return back to the camp (2-3 hours hike), where we will have dinner and sleep overnight.
Day 4: Descent from Roraima. In the morning after breakfast we will head back. On the way there will be some bright shots. Then it’s downhill from Roraima (about 2 hours) and crossing the plain to the Kukenan River (about 3 hours). Pause for lunch. Repetition of fords through two channels. Rest and a hot dinner will be waiting for us at the camp behind the Tek River.
Day 5: End of trekking. Trekking to the village of Paraitepuy, 3-4 hours. Here we will rest, have lunch and refresh ourselves with cold drinks. We will have to sign the log book again. Possible rangers search for rock crystal and other “souvenirs”. It is better not to take anything from the mountain – the national park strictly monitors the preservation of nature and can write a fine of $ 1000, and the guide who did not watch out for you, and even deprive you of a license. From the village we will take jeeps back to Santa Elena.
If you feel like exploring Rroraima, contact https://www.facebook.com/lpilargonzales who hosts trips